Франк Найт

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Франк Найт
Frank Knight
американски икономист
Роден
Починал
15 април 1972 г. (86 г.)
Чикаго, САЩ

Религия атеизъм
Учил в Университет Корнел[1]
Научна дейност
Област Икономика
Школа Чикагска школа по икономика
Работил в Университет „Корнел“
Чикагски университет
Видни студенти Джордж Стиглър
Джеймс Бюканън
Известен с Несигурност на Найт
Повлиял Роналд Коуз, Стивън Н. Ш. Чеунг

Франк Хайнеман Найт (на английски: Frank Hyneman Knight; 7 ноември 188515 април 1972) е сред най-значимите икономисти на 20 век.

Неговата дисертация Риск, несигурност и печалба (1921) остава едно от най-интересните четива по икономика. В нея Найт формулира известното разграничение между риск (случайност с известни възможности) и несигурност (случайност с неизвестни възможности).

През 1947 г. Найт е сред основателите на Обществото „Мон Пелерен“.

Биография[редактиране | редактиране на кода]

Основни публикации[редактиране | редактиране на кода]

  • „The Concept of Normal Price in Value and Distribution“, 1917, QJE.
  • „Cassel's Theoretische Sozialökonomie“, 1921, JPE.
  • „Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit“, 1921
  • „Ethics and the Economic Interpretation“, 1922, QJE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • „The Ethics of Competition“, 1923, QJE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • Business Management: Science or Art?“, 1923 Journal of Business.
  • „Some Fallacies in the Interpretation of Social Cost“, 1924, QJE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • „The Limitations of Scientific Method in Economics“, 1924, in Tugwell, editor, Trend of Economics (repr. in 1999, I)
  • „Fact and Metaphysics in Economic Psychology“, 1925, AER (repr. in 1999, I)
  • „A Note on Professor Clark's Illustration of Marginal Productivity“, 1925, JPE.
  • „Economic Psychology and the Value Problem“, 1925, QJE.
  • „Economics at its Best: Review of Pigou“, 1926, AER.
  • „Historical and Theoretical Issues in the Problem of Modern Capitalism“, 1928, Journal of Econ & Business History (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • „A Suggestion for Simplifying the Statement of the General Theory of Price“, 1928, JPE.
  • „Freedom as Fact and Criterion“, 1929, Int J of Ethics
  • „Statics and Dynamics: Some queries regarding the mechanical analogy in economics“, 1930, ZfN (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • „Professor Fisher's Interest Theory: A case in point“, 1931, JPE.
  • „Modern Economic Society Further Considered“, 1932, JPE.
  • „The Newer Economics and the Control of Economic Activity“, 1932, JPE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • The Economic Organization, 1933.
  • „Capitalistic Production, Time and the Rate of Return“, 1933, in Essays in Honor of Gustav Cassel (repr. in 1999, I)
  • „The Nature of Economic Science in Some Recent Discussion“, 1934, AER.
  • „Social Science and the Political Trend“, 1934, Univ of Toronto Quarterly
  • „Common-Sense of Political Economy: Wicksteed Reprinted“, 1934, JPE (repr. in 1956)
  • The Ethics of Competition and Other Essays, 1935.
  • „The Ricardian Theory of Production and Distribution“, 1935, Canadian JE (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • „A Comment on Machlup“, 1935, JPE.
  • „Professor Hayek and the Theory of Investment“, 1935, EJ.
  • „The Theory of Investment Once More: Mr. Boulding and the Austrians“, 1935, QJE.
  • „Some Issues in the Economics of Stationary States“, 1936, AER.
  • „The Place of Marginal Economics in a Collectivist System“, 1936, AER.
  • „The Quantity of Capital and the Rate of Interest“, 1936, JPE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • „Pragmatism and Social Action: Review of Dewey“, 1936, Int J of Ethics
  • „Note on Dr. Lange's Interest Theory“, 1937, RES.
  • „Unemployment: and Mr. Keynes's revolution in economic theory“, 1937, Canadian JE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • „On the Theory of Capital: In reply to Mr. Kaldor“, 1938, Econometrica.
  • „Bertrand Russell on Power“, 1939, Ethics.
  • „The Ethics of Liberalism“, 1939, Economica.
  • „Socialism: The Nature of the Problem“, 1940, Ethics (repr. in 1999, II)
  • „'What is Truth' in Economics“, 1940, JPE (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • „The Significance and Basic Postulates of Economics: a rejoinder“, 1941, JPE
  • „Religion and Ethics in Modern Civilization“, 1941, J of Liberal Religion
  • „The Meaning of Democracy: its politico-economic structure and ideals“, 1941, J of Negro Education
  • „Social Science“, 1941, Ethics (repr. in 1956)
  • „The Business Cycle, Interest and Money: A methodological approach“, 1941, REStat (repr. in 1956 & 1999, II)
  • „Professor Mises and the Theory of Capital“, 1941, Economica.
  • „The Role of the Individual in the Economic World of the Future“, 1941, JPE.
  • „Anthropology and Economics“, 1941, JPE.
  • „Science, Philosophy and Social Procedure“, 1942, Ethics
  • „Fact and Value in Social Science“, 1942, in Anshen, editor, Science and Man
  • „Some Notes on the Economic Interpretation of History“, 1942, Studies in the History of Culture (repr. in 1999, II)
  • „Social Causation“, 1943, American Journal of Sociology (repr. in 1956)
  • „Diminishing Returns Under Investment“, 1944, JPE.
  • „Realism and Relevance in the Theory of Demand“, 1944, JPE (repr. in 1999, II)
  • „The Rights of Man and Natural Law“, 1944, Ethics (repr. in 1999, II)
  • „Human Nature and World Democracy“, 1944, American J of Sociology.
  • „Economics, Political Science and Education“, 1944, AER
  • The Economic Order and Religion, with T.W. Merriam, 1945.
  • „Immutable Law in Economics: Its reality and limitations“, 1946, AER.
  • „The Sickness of Liberal Society“, 1946, Ethics (repr. in 1999, II)
  • „Salvation by Science: The gospel according to Professor Lundberg“, 1947, JPE (repr. in 1956)
  • Freedom and Reform: Essays in economics and social philosophy, 1947.
  • „Free Society: Its basic nature and problem“, 1948, Philosophical Review (repr. in 1956)
  • „The Role of Principles in Economics and Politics“, 1951, AER (repr. in 1956 & 1999, II)
  • „Institutionalism and Empiricism in Economics“, 1952, AER.
  • On the History and Methods of Economics: Selected essays, 1956, ISBN 978-0-226-44689-9.
  • Intelligence and Democratic Action, 1960.
  • „Methodology in Economics“, 1961, Southern EJ
  • „Abstract Economics as Absolute Ethics“, 1966, Ethics.
  • „Laissez Faire: Pro and con“, 1967, JPE (repr. in 1999, II)
  • „The Case for Communism: From the Standpoint of an Ex-liberal.“ (published posthumously) in Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, edited by Warren J. Samuels, archival supplement 2 (1991): 57–108.
  • Selected Essays by Frank H. Knight, Volume 1: „What is Truth“ in Economics?, (ed. by Ross B. Emmett), 1999, ISBN 978-0-226-44695-0
  • Selected Essays by Frank H. Knight, Volume 2: Laissez Faire: Pro and Con, (ed. by Ross B. Emmett), 1999, ISBN 978-0-226-44697-4

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