Списък на терористичните организации

от Уикипедия, свободната енциклопедия
Направо към: навигация, търсене

Това е списък на терористични организации, определени от националните правителства, бивши правителства и междуправителствени организации със строга възбрана върху дейността им. Много организации, които са обвинени, че са терористични организации, отричат да са такива, като свързват дейността си с "военна тактика", посредством която следват целите си. Не съществува международен консенсус относно правното определение на тероризма.

Този списък не съдържа държави или държавни организации, които са под определението държавен тероризъм, или лица и групи свързани с определението "индивидуален тероризъм". Този списък изключва също групи, които могат да се определят като терористи в широкия смисъл на думата, но не са официално определени по горните критерии.

Организация Австралия

Flag of Australia.svg

Канада

Flag of Canada.svg

EU

Flag of Europe.svg

UK

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg

САЩ

Flag of the United States.svg

Индия

Flag of India.svg

Русия

Flag of Russia.svg

Абу Нидал Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Абу Саяф Symbol confirmed.svg[2] Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
African National Congress Flag.svg Африкански национален конгрес Symbol unrelated.svg[3][4]
Al-Aqsa e.V. Symbol confirmed.svg
Бригади на мъчениците от Ал-Акса Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Ал Бадър Symbol confirmed.svg
Ал Гураба Symbol confirmed.svg
Ал Харамейн (фондация) Symbol confirmed.svg
Ал Итихад Ал Исламия Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of al-Qaeda in Iraq.svg Ал-Каида Symbol confirmed.svg[2] Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of al-Qaeda in Iraq.svg Ал-Каида в Ирак Symbol confirmed.svg[2] Symbol confirmed.svg
Ал-Каида в Ислямския Магреб Symbol confirmed.svg[2] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
ShababFlag.svg Джамаат Аш Шабаб Symbol confirmed.svg[5]
Al-Umar-Mujahideen Symbol confirmed.svg
All Tripura Tiger Force Symbol confirmed.svg
Ансар ал Ислям Symbol confirmed.svg[2] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Джамаат Ансар ал Суна Symbol confirmed.svg
Въоръжена ислямска група Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of the ASALA.png АСАЛА Symbol confirmed.svg
Асбат ал Ансар Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Аум Синрике Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Бабар Калса Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of the Balochistan Liberation Army.svg Освободителна армия на Белуджистан Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Caucasian Emirate.svg Кавказки Емират Symbol confirmed.svg
South Asian Communist Banner.svg Комунистическа партия на Индия (Маоисти) Symbol confirmed.svg
NPA.png Комунистическа партия на Филипините (1968)/
Нова народна армия
Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Ирландска Републиканска Армия — приемственост (ИРА)[6] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Cumann na mBan Symbol confirmed.svg
Deendar Anjuman Symbol confirmed.svg
Dukhtaran-E-Millat Symbol confirmed.svg
Egyptian Islamic Jihad Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Euskadi ta AskatasunaЕТА Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Fatah al-Islam Symbol confirmed.svg
Sunburst Flag.svg Fianna na hÉireann Symbol confirmed.svg
Gama'a al-Islamiyya Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Bandera del GRAPO.svg GRAPO Symbol confirmed.svg
IBDA-C.svg Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas [7] Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg [8] Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Jihad.svg Harakat-ul-Jihad-ul-Islami Symbol confirmed.svg
Harakat-ul-Jihad-ul-Islami (Bangladesh) Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Harkat-ul-Mujahideen.svg Harakat ul-Mujahidin Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Harakat-Ul-Mujahideen/Alami Symbol confirmed.svg
Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Hezbollah [9] Symbol confirmed.svg[1] [10] Symbol confirmed.svg
Hizb ut-Tahrir Symbol confirmed.svg
Hizbul Mujahideen Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Holy Land Foundation
for Relief and Development
Symbol confirmed.svg
Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council Symbol confirmed.svg
Informal Anarchist Federation[11] Symbol confirmed.svg
International Sikh Youth Federation Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Islamic Army of Aden Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg
Islamic Jihad — Jamaat of the Mujahideen Symbol confirmed.svg
Islamic Jihad Union Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
StarryPlough.svg Irish National Liberation Army Symbol confirmed.svg
Irish People's Liberation Organisation Symbol confirmed.svg
Irish Republican Army Symbol confirmed.svg
Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine Symbol confirmed.svg
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan Symbol confirmed.svg
Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine Symbol confirmed.svg
Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[13] Symbol confirmed.svg
Jaishi-e-Mohammed.svg Jaish-e-Mohammed Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Jamaat Ul-Furquan Symbol confirmed.svg
Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh Symbol confirmed.svg
Jamiat ul-Ansar Symbol confirmed.svg
Jamiat-e Islami Symbol confirmed.svg
Jammu and Kashmir Islamic Front Symbol confirmed.svg
Jemaah Islamiya Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Jund Ash Sham Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Kach and Kahane Chai.svg Kach and Kahane Chai Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Kanglei Yaol Kanba Lup Symbol confirmed.svg
Kangleipak Communist Party Symbol confirmed.svg
Khalistan Commando Force Symbol confirmed.svg
Khuddam ul-Islam Symbol confirmed.svg
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK).svg Kurdistan Workers' Party Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Lashkar-e-Taiba.svg Lashkar-e-Toiba Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Tamil Eelam.svg Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) Symbol confirmed.svg[14] Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg[15] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Libyan Islamic Fighting Group Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Ulster loyalist flag.svg Loyalist Volunteer Force Symbol confirmed.svg
Manipur People's Liberation Front Symbol confirmed.svg
Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Mujahedin-e Khalq Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg
Muslim Brotherhood Emblem.jpg Muslim Brotherhood Symbol confirmed.svg
Front Nacional Democratic Bodoland.svg National Democratic Front of Bodoland Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of ELN.svg National Liberation Army Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
National Liberation Front of Tripura Symbol confirmed.svg
Nuclei Armati per il Comunismo Symbol confirmed.svg
Nuclei di Iniziativa Proletaria Symbol confirmed.svg
Nuclei Territoriali Antimperialisti Symbol confirmed.svg
Nucleo di Iniziativa Proletaria Rivoluzionaria Symbol confirmed.svg
Orange Volunteers Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Palestine Liberation Front Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Palestine Liberation Organization Symbol unrelated.svg
Palestinian Islamic Jihad Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
People's Congress of Ichkeria and Dagestan Symbol confirmed.svg[17]
People's Liberation Army of Manipur Symbol confirmed.svg
People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak Symbol confirmed.svg
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-
General Command
Symbol confirmed.svg[1] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Real IRA Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
Red Brigades for the construction
of the Combative Communist Party
Symbol confirmed.svg
Red Hand Commando Symbol confirmed.svg
Red Hand Defenders Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Revolutionary Nuclei Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Revolutionary Organization 17 November Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Revolutionary People's Front Symbol confirmed.svg
Dhkp.svg Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Revolutionary Struggle Symbol confirmed.svg
Saor Éire Symbol confirmed.svg
Saviour Sect Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Sendero Luminoso.svg Shining Path[19] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan Symbol confirmed.svg
Social Reform Society Symbol confirmed.svg
Society of the Revival of Islamic Heritage Symbol confirmed.svg
Stichting Al Aqsa Symbol confirmed.svg
Students Islamic Movement of India Symbol confirmed.svg
Supreme Military Majlis ul-Shura of the United Mujahideen Forces of Caucasus Symbol confirmed.svg[17]
Takfir wal-Hijra Symbol confirmed.svg
Flag of Taliban.svg Taliban Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Tnsm-flag.svg Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi Symbol confirmed.svg
Tamil Nadu Liberation Army Symbol confirmed.svg
Tamil National Retrieval Troops Symbol confirmed.svg
Ulster Defence Association Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Ulster Freedom Fighters Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Ulster Volunteer Force Symbol confirmed.svg
Ulfa logo.png United Liberation Front of Asom Symbol confirmed.svg
Bandera UNLF.svg United National Liberation Front Symbol confirmed.svg
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Vanguards of Conquest Symbol confirmed.svg[1]
World Tamil Movement Symbol confirmed.svg[1]

Източници[редактиране | edit source]

Бележки[редактиране | edit source]

  1. а б в г д е ж з и к л м н о п р с т у ф х ц ч ш щ ю Currently listed entities. // 2010-03-05. Посетен на 2010-05-03.
  2. а б в г д http://www.nationalsecurity.gov.au/agd/www/nationalsecurity.nsf/AllDocs/95FB057CA3DECF30CA256FAB001F7FBD?OpenDocument
  3. US shamed by Mandela terror link. // BBC News. 2008-04-10.
  4. Mandela taken off US terror list. // BBC News. 2008-07-01.
  5. Proscribed terrorist groups. // Home Office. May 7, 2010.
  6. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/Notice.do?mode=dbl&lng1=bg,en&lang=&lng2=bg,en,&val=262032:cs&page=&hwords=null |
  7. Australia has designated the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, as a terrorist organization.
  8. The United Kingdom has designated the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, as a terrorist organization.
  9. Australia has designated the Hizballah External Security Organisation as a terrorist organization.
  10. The UK has designated the military wing of Hizballah as a terrorist organization.
  11. The European Union has also designated 'Cellula Contro Capitale, Carcere i suoi Carcerieri e le sue Celle', 'Solidarietà Internazionale', 'Cooperativa Artigiana Fuoco ed Affini — Occasionalmente Spettacolare' and the 'July 20 Brigade' as terrorist organizations, all supposedly linked to the Informal Anarchist Federation. See http://www.interno.it/mininterno/export/sites/default/it/sezioni/sala_stampa/interview/Interventi/_sottosegretarioxprecedenti/intervista_233.html_2100293813.html
  12. Australia has designated the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, as a terrorist organization.
  13. The United Kingdom has designated the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, as a terrorist organization.
  14. Charter of the United Nations (Anti-terrorism — Persons and Entities) List 2001 (No. 2)
  15. Council Common Position 2009/67/CFSP of 26 January 2009 updating Common Position 2001/931/CFSP on the application of specific measures to combat terrorism and repealing Common Position 2008/586/CFSP
  16. Mas, Monique. Les « Moudjahidine du Peuple » ne sont plus des terroristes. // RFI. 2009-01-26. Посетен на 2010-03-05.
  17. а б Blagov, Sergei. Moscow turns up heat on radicals. // Asia Times. Moscow, July 22, 2003.
  18. Foreign Terrorist Organizations. // United States Department of State. January 19, 2010.
  19. 'Shining Path' (на испански: Sendero Luminoso) is the name given by Peruvian mass media and government sources to the Maoist Communist Party of Peru.

Виж още[редактиране | edit source]